Chapter 5 – Gastrointestinal System Assessment

Objective Assessment

Objective assessment of the GI system includes:

  • Inspection and palpation related to the oral cavity.
  • Inspection, auscultation, palpation, and percussion of the abdomen.
  • Inspection and palpation of the perianal region.

Be aware of the environmental temperature in the room and the temperature of your hands. Room temperatures are not easily modified, so try to limit exposing the client and keep them covered. Draping is particularly important when assessing the abdomen and perianal region. Before touching the client, warm your hands by rubbing them together and warm the stethoscope before placing it on the client’s body. 


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