Welcome to the Inpatient GI section! Throughout this section, an inpatient case study will be used to help you learn what information to gather for an assessment, how to interpret that data to form a nutrition care plan, how to implement the care plan, and what to look for when following-up and evaluating your plan. As you progress through the content, please keep in mind that the nutrition care process model is dynamic and not a linear, step-by-step process. The case study used here is an example, and not all cases will follow the same path.
By the end of the section you will be able to:
- Understand the pathophysiology, risk factors, and procedures associated with inflammatory bowel disease and pancreatitis.
- Identify where to gather clinical, anthropometric, biochemical, and dietary data necessary to complete a nutrition assessment for a patient living with gastrointestinal disease.
- Identify the purposes of nutrition care for inflammatory bowel disease, management of ostomies, and pancreatitis.
- Create a nutrition care plan for gastrointestinal disease by gathering relevant assessment data, creating a PES statement, identifying areas of concern, determining priorities for nutrition care, and identifying areas for monitoring.
- Understand the roles of the members of the interprofessional team, including the dietitian, physician (gastroenterologist, general surgeon), nurse (registered nurse, nurse practitioner, ostomy nurse), pharmacist, social worker, occupational therapist, physiotherapist, and spiritual care.
- Recognize the purposes of nutrition education and can identify strategies to effectively communicate and implement education.
- Identify and understand basic nutrition education for inflammatory bowel disease, managing ostomies, and pancreatitis.
- Evaluate the nutrition care plan using assessment data relevant to the clients nutrition concerns, progression of status, inputs and outputs, laboratory values, medications, education, and the medical care plan.