Chapter 6: Knowledge Integration

Case Study 2: Pediatric Client (continued)

1. Which vital sign findings are considered abnormal for this child? What medical terminology is used to define/label these findings?

  • The temperature is high: hyperthermia or pyrexia/febrile.
  • The heart rate is elevated: tachycardia.
  • Sinus arrhythmia is considered normal in the pediatric population.

2. What are the healthcare provider’s actions based on these findings?

  • Remove external clothing from the client (down to a diaper) to reduce fever.
  • Provide cool fluids or popsicles to reduce fever.
  • Promote fluid intake to reduce fever and maintain hydration.
  • Ensure safety and observe the child due to the risk of febrile seizures that can occur with high body temperatures.
  • Report to the most responsible provider if you are not the most responsible provider.
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