Chapter 1

1.3 Control Objectives

  • Implicit objective and First Priority: no damage, safety considerations – i.e.
  • Once the system is stable, then what?
  • Explicit objectives:
    • Tracking
      • In steady state
      • In transient state
    • Disturbance Rejection.

Tracking: The objective is to force the process output to follow, or track, a desired reference signal. We will concentrate on Steady State Tracking of steps, ramps, and slowly time varying signals as well as on Transient Tracking – we will focus on one particular type of response – Step (i.e. response to a step reference), because of its discontinuity. It is a very harsh input to a system and all dynamic limitations of the system will be laid bare by it.

Special case of Tracking – REGULATION: the reference signal is constant (can be zero). Control objective focuses on maintaining Steady State, regardless of possible Disturbance and/or Parameter Shift.

Disturbance Rejection: The objective is to make sure that the process output follows, or tracks, a desired reference signal, despite any unwanted additional inputs, i.e. disturbances.

Question: What is noise, as opposed to disturbance? Can you give examples of noise in the context of control systems?

1.3.1 Control Methodology

Control objectives must be achieved within:

  • Established measures of system performance
  • Practical limitations imposed by the equipment
Figure 1‑11 Methodology of Control
Figure 1‑11 Methodology of Control


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Introduction to Control Systems Copyright © by Malgorzata Zywno is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.